03 Citing and Quotations

Jee-Lyn García, Jennifer, and Mienah Zulfacar Sharif. “Black lives matter: a commentary on racism and public health.” American journal of public health 105.8 (2015): e27-e30.

In their April 5th, 2015 publication,”Black Lives Matter: A Commentary on Racism and Public Health,” Jennifer Jee-Lyn Garcia, PhD, and Mienah Zulfacar Sharif, MPH, write that racism in America is structural and operates based on factors. “These factors include the entrenched racism in our legal, social, and political systems that enable police officers to disproportionately stop people of color, often without cause” (Gargcia & Sharif). They talk about how racism is so deeply intertwined with American society that it is perpetrated in such succinct ways that wouldn’t be categorized as conventional racism. Garcia and Sharif find it questionable that such vile actions are permitted by the protectors of peace, in a society that claims to be equal to all.

The article talks a lot about the problem racism has on the public health, specially those of color. The authors point out the multitude of factors that raise the death toll of the colored communities, and how the unseen racism in America is the cause of this. They then propose to train all Americans and enlighten them on the social injustices.

Hooker, Juliet. “Black Lives Matter and the Paradoxes of U.S. Black Politics: From Democratic Sacrifice to Democratic Repair.” Political Theory, vol. 44, no. 4, 2016., pp. 456

According to Juliet Hooker,”Contemporary Black Lives Matter protesters have been critiqued for failing to follow the (alleged) disciplined adherence to non-violence of earlier anti-racist struggles, for not embodying black respectability, not adopting a visible hierarchical leadership structure, not formulating clear policy goal” (Hooker). In the August 2016 journal by Juliet, she wrote a lot about all of the factors of the modern day’s civil rights movement. Hooker compared Black Lives Matter and all of the circumstances surrounding the protests to the legendary civil rights movement of the 1960s. In the quote mentioned above, Hooker questions if today’s movement is living up to the success of the Civil Rights Movement in the sixties.

The journal is extremely long and is quite repetitive in the topics it covers. It contemplates if the actions of the white community justify the violent outburst by the black community, who are rightfully enraged. It also uses a lot examples from both the old and new civil rights movements.


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